"Smart Growth" and "New Urbanism" Compared with "Large Lot Zoning" (Tom Lane) [ Home Page – Click Here]

(May 17, 2017) – Traditional "Large Lot Zoning" is "Greener" than "Smart Growth" within Urban Growth Boundaries . . . Copyright 2009 – 2017 . . . Tom Lane . . . Photographing California, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington.

(December 8, 2011) Interactive Maps: 2010 Census Data: Relevance to California Smart Growth

Socialized smart growth in Sebastopol, California, due to a strict urban growth boundary around the City. CLICK to ENLARGE within your web browser, to see who the funding agencies are. The homes are 5 feet apart, with no private yards, and at a density of at least 15dU/acre (15 homes per acre).

(December 8, 2011, Tom Lane)  While dozens of maps are in various posts, below are several links to interactive maps, some of which include 2009 or 2010 ACS U.S. Census Data . . . along with additional maps on weather, climate, science, technology, and other geographic variables . . .

How Interactive Maps Help Understand the Location of Smart Growth and Foreclosures

Throughout this post, I’ll discuss how interactive maps help us understand the location of smart growth, urban growth boundaries, and foreclosures.  For example, in Sebastopol, California (an hour north of San Francisco), socialized smart growth housing exists, since Sebastopol is very liberal with members of the Green Party in office.  The city wants to provide affordable housing for everyone.  You will find literally hundreds of “green” publications during a visit to their Chamber of Commerce office.

However, Sebastopol housing is expensive in the first place due to the City’s urban growth boundary.  For 10 miles between Sebastopol and Santa Rosa, California, agricultural land and vineyards are outside the urban growth boundary, and cannot be developed.

And, of course, concepts such as smart growth and urban growth boundaries originally began in highly affluent, liberal areas such as California, Oregon, Washington, and Boulder, Colorado.

From the California Planners’ 1999 “Book of Lists,” Here’s a List of California Jurisdictions Who Have Enacted an Urban Growth Boundary or Urban Limit Line (Including Boundaries Enacted By Voter Initiative):

Since this list is ten years old, additional California cities and counties may have added urban growth boundaries since 1999.

From: http://ceres.ca.gov/planning/bol/1999/survey_3.html

Income, political affiliation, religion, and other demographic variables – inevitably – are related to the presence or absence of “smart growth” policies and/or foreclosures in a region, such as urban growth boundaries in California. For example, areas with lower incomes, less college graduates,  and higher unemployment rates have higher foreclosure rates (such as Las Vegas, NV and Phoenix, AZ).  You can find these demographic variables on the various interactive maps below.  Engineers and computer scientists make more money, and foreclosures are less likely in places such as Boulder, compared to Las Vegas, despite urban growth boundaries in Boulder.

Areas that have moderate incomes, yet strict land use regulations, have severe housing affordability (such as Seattle, Portland, and Sonoma County, California).  And, here’s the urban growth boundary outside of Sebastopol, with Santa Rosa and Rohnert Park at the base of the distant mountains, 10 miles away (at sunset, looking ESE).  It’s beautiful countryside, however if you’re like me and want to buy land for an organic farm, it’s difficult.  Your choices are planters on your deck on a tiny lot in Sebastopol’s socialized housing, or on a 50 acre farm that’s too expensive in the distance below:

Sebastopol, California Urban Growth Boundary, looking ESE at sunset over farmland. Santa Rosa and Rohnert Park are in their own UGB's, 10 miles in the distance at the base of the mountains.

Another example is rural Oregon, where state restrictions on timber, natural gas, and construction caused the decline of the middle class.  Food stamp usage has reached high levels in rural Oregon, and also in South King County, Washington (between Seattle and Tacoma), where NAFTA and GATT (free trade agreements supported by the Democrats and Bill Clinton) sent blue collar jobs overseas.

See maps below for Oregon and the Seattle area foot stamp usage, from the December 5, 2011 edition of the Portland and Seattle papers.

Interactive Map, American Migration, Forbes

The most interesting map I’ve found is for county to county migration, for every county in the U.S. from Forbes –

“Close to 40 million Americans move from one home to another every year. Click anywhere on the map below: blue counties send more migrants to the selected county than they take; red counties take more than they send. Published on November 16, 2011”

Note the migration of folks out of California.

http://www.forbes.com/special-report/2011/migration.html

Interactive Map – Demographic Factors for Every Census Tract, The New York Times

“Mapping America: Every City, Every Block – Browse local data from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, based on samples from 2005 to 2009. Because these figures are based on samples, they are subject to a margin of error, particularly in places with a low population, and are best regarded as estimates.”

http://projects.nytimes.com/census/2010/explorer

Interactive Maps – Growth in U.S. Metro Areas, 2000-2010, Stephen Von Worley

http://www.datapointed.net/2011/04/maps-us-population-change-2000-2010-census/

Interactive Map – School Performance for California Schools

Other states besides California may have been mapped by the time you click this link –

http://www.schoolperformancemaps.com/ca/

Interactive Map – Obama and McCain Results by County, 2008, The New York Times

What will happen in 2012, especially given that Obama is a strong proponent of Smart Growth and Mass Transit?

http://elections.nytimes.com/2008/results/president/explorer.html

Interactive Map – Foreclosure Locator from Zillow

http://foreclosure.com

Interactive Map – International Mountain Biking Association Trail Care Crew

http://www.imba.com/tbf/map

Interactive Map – Popularity of Baby Name, Every Year by State since 1960

http://www.babynamewizard.com/name-mapper

Map – “Building An Innovation Nation,” March 4, 2009

It’s not just the Silicon Valley in California, it’s also Seattle and many small college towns.

http://whatmatters.mckinseydigital.com/innovation/building-an-innovation-nation

Interactive Maps – Patents in U.S. Cities – Univ. of New Mexico – Los Alamos

http://tuvalu.santafe.edu/%7Ebettencourt/urban_observatory/

Map – Rate of New Home Construction Correlates with Economic Growth -Massachusetts Housing Partnership

http://www.mhp.net/vision/news.php?page_function=detail&mhp_news_id=250

Interactive Maps – Personality Types for All 50 States

This map explains why those on the West Coast and New England, find people in Arizona and the Southwest and South/Southeast, as too ordinary and conservative.  Californians are known to hate Arizona, and vice versa!  The West Coast and New England rank very high for “Open to Experience,” compared to the SW and South/SE.  A high “Openness” score is associated with political liberalism (or, fiscal conservative / social liberal), along with an open mind for new ideas, and acceptance in differences among people such as race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.

Oregon Food Stamps, 2006-2011, By County, The Oregonian paper

“In rural Oregon, middle-class life is slipping away,” Published: Saturday, December 03, 2011  Due to Oregon’s restrictions on natural gas, timber, and construction, rural Oregonians are very upset with the Democrat party who runs the state.

http://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/index.ssf/2011/12/in_rural_oregon_middle-class_l.html

Washington Food Stamps, Wages, and other data, The Seattle Times, December 5, 2011

As in Oregon, a decline in construction from the housing crisis, and urban growth boundaries, results in increasing food stamp usage. These maps show the Seattle area.

http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/flatpages/local/recessionpackage.html?cmpid=2628#7

Dr. Richard Morrill, Seattle, University of Washington, Maps on 2010 Seattle area Population by Census Tract

http://crosscut.com/2011/06/13/real-estate/20998/Will-the-last-family-leaving-Seattle-please-turn-out-the-lights-/

And, refer to index page for more articles by Dr. Morrill with more maps of the Seattle area.

2010 U.S. Census American Community Survey

http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?refresh=t#

Interactive Map – Climate Maps of the U.S. – NOAA

“Welcome to the National Climatic Data Center’s (NCDC) Climate Maps Of The United States database (CLIMAPS)! In here you will find over 2000 climate maps of the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii.”

http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/climaps/climaps.pl

Current Weather, NOAA Hydrometeorological Prediction Center

http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/

Interactive Map, Thousands of Weather Stations in the Western U.S. with Statistics, Western Regional Climate Center, Reno

http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/summary/Climsmaz.html

Mean Monthly Sunshine, from the Classic 1970 National Atlas from the University of Texas

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/national_atlas_1970/ca000072.jpg

More Climate and Other Maps from the Classic 1970 National Atlas from the Index Page

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/national_atlas_1970.html

Interactive Map – State University of New York at Albany – 15 Day Jet Stream Maps

http://www.atmos.albany.edu/index.php?d=wx_nwp

DIFAX Charts from SUNY – Albany

http://www.atmos.albany.edu/weather/difax.html

Interactive Weather Maps – University of Washington, Seattle

http://www.atmos.washington.edu/weather/more.shtml

Average Monthly Hours of Precipitation for Western US Cities

http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/htmlfiles/hrsofppt.html

Interactive Maps – Southern Poverty Law Center, Map of Hate Groups by State

Economic inequality from urban growth boundaries, and smart growth housing policies, increases the formation of self destructive behaviour on both sides, from the Occupy Movement on the radical Left, to the unofficial “Libertarians,” Survivalists, and other groups on the radical right.

So far, the Southern Poverty Law Center has not included Libertarian hate groups or individuals (who are outside of the official Libertarian party, and these unofficial groups may be anti-gay or anti-Semitic), or the Occupy Wall Street protestors (who are violent and also anti-Semitic), on its map and web site.

http://current.com/1vcpm4c

Another View of Socialized Housing in Sebastopol, California

November 3, 2011 OCCUPY headlines for the San Francisco bay area. CLICK and ENLARGE in your web browser, to read text.

It’s unfortunate that land use regulation results in housing affordability, foreclosures, and diminishing wages.  Policymakers choose to build crowded infill communities, such as the photos here in Sebastopol, California,  instead of expanding urban growth boundaries, over what in many locations is often relatively unproductive “farmland.” (Although, this is not the case in the warm temperate climate of coastal California.  However,  Seattle and Bend are surrounded with unproductive “farmland,” that must be preserved, by law.).

Whether its Seattle, Sebastopol, Portland, or Boulder, smart growth and urban growth boundaries ultimately create foreclosures and poverty.  The interactive maps above help understand both the causes and distribution of smart growth housing, and the consequences of land usage rationing, including boom and bust housing markets and eventual poverty with food stamp use.

By the way, for those who know about Sebastopol and Santa Rosa County in California, yes, they have lots of occupy protestors, as shown in the newspaper box above. However the vast majority of residents are hard working, employed, progressive Democrats, who don’t protest.  They’ve been told by their local city councils, that “smart growth” is the only solution to unaffordable housing.  However, soon, public demand for larger lots will result in other paradigms, such as Frank Lloyd Wright’s Broadacre City.

And, you can bet that the progressive minded individuals from the central California Coast up to Seattle will be the first to implement Broadacre City, just as they’ve been the first to implement every other new idea, given their “Open to Experience” personality type (at the map of U.S. personality types above).

Sebastopol:  Say No To Nuclear, Say No to Fossil Fuels, and Say NO to Affordable Housing

Socialized housing in Sebastopol seems inconsistent with an otherwise populist, peaceful agenda promoting solar power, and establishing a nuclear free zone.  While I used to be 100% for nuclear power, I’m now 100% against it, due to what happened in Japan.  I’m all for solar energy, as long as the nearly bankrupt Federal Government does not pay for it.

However, in my view, it’s inconsistent to advocate for solar power and other “green” infrastructure such as bike trails, yet at the same time fail to provide large backyards for organic gardens.  Therefore, I oppose Sebastopol’s urban containment efforts.  Fortunately, West Sonoma County does have one to five acre properties, available for rent or purchase, for organic farms.

Indeed, once you get outside of the urban growth boundaries of Petaluma, San Rafael, Santa Rosa, Rohnert Park, and Sebastopol, property prices decrease in unincorporated communities along the north coast of California.  In Guerneville, Monte Rio, and other places along the Russian River, home prices are significantly less, and the bubble was not as intense – compared to cities with urban growth boundaries.

Certainly, the issues that I have raised are being discussed nationwide, at City and County meetings.  More people are moving away from overcrowded, high density cities to Exurban counties such as Sonoma County, seeking acreage for organic farming and retirement homes. -Copyright 2011, Tom Lane

Here are a few more photos:

Welcome to Sebastopol, California! Nuclear Free Zone and Solar Power!

Solar Panels in Downtown Sebastopol, California.

Downtown Guerneville, in the Russian River Valley, unincorporated. The town's traditions are still stuck in the 1960's, yet it's an amazing place with incredible potential.

Vineyards northwest of Sebastopol outside the urban growth boundary.

Socialized housing in Sebastopol, California at Petaluma Avenue Homes.

The socialized Sebastopol smart growth homes are too close together, have no yards, and inadequate setbacks. This looks like something from the 1800's. Why not eliminate the urban growth boundary, and give everyone in green Sebastopol a one acre private yard for an organic garden?

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Rio Rancho and Albuquerque, New Mexico. NO URBAN GROWTH BOUNDARIES = AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Salt Lake City – Rio Rancho, New Mexico – NO Urban Growth Boundary = AFFORDABLE HOUSING on LARGE LOTS – More Photos Forthcoming

Mysterious Massive Walls and Clearcutting at Issaquah Highlands … vs. Green Neighborhoods in Arizona and Oregon … Click Here …

Durango Smart Growth – La Plata County Comprehensive Plan – Cancelled (Nov. 23, 2011) – CLICK IMAGE for Plan Maps and Photos –

* NEW * October 8, 2011, Seattle – KEMPER FREEMAN VIDEO – If You Drive, Vote YES on I-1125, Kemper Freeman on TV-W w/ Doug MacDonald

Dr. Bill Eager – “End Gridlock Now” – Stop Seattle Gridlock Today

Kemper Freeman Sues a Third Time over Seattle Light Rail – May 9, 2012

SEATTLE – Why Washington’s Anti-Tolling and Anti-Transit Initiative (I-1125) Didn’t Pass (12/6/11) – CLICK IMAGE of the skyline from West Seattle –

* HEY SEATTLE * – VOTE YES on Kemper Freeman’s Initiative I-1125 – Protect Your Gas Taxes and Tolls – Stop Illegal East Link I-90 Light Rail – Stop the Destruction of Downtown Bellevue with an Ugly Transit Oriented Development -CLICK HERE –

Salt Lake City’s Legacy Parkway – A Green Solution for Seattle Gridlock

*CETA* Coalition for Effective Transportation Alternatives (Seattle) – John Niles – August 22, 2011 Letter to Ray La Hood advocates Bus Rapid Transit on I-90

* SEATTLE DISPLACEMENT COALITION * – John Fox and Carolee Colter – Defending Lower Income Apartment Residents against Greedy Smart Growth Developers and Seattle Politicians – CLICK HERE for web site & columns –

*GREEN ALTERNATIVE * to Smart Growth – *WATCH VIDEO* from Pique Architects – Do They Present Something SIMILAR to the “LANDSCAPE URBANISM” Concept of Harvard’s Dr. Charles Waldheim? Image Source: http://vimeo.com/user4133046/videos – Pique LLC of Bend, Seattle, & Montana –

* SMART GROWTH * – The Wolf at Your Front Door – You Tube – (5 Minutes) – Image Source: http://www.youtube.com/user/regsgridlock –

Stop Obama’s Smart Growth … Preserve Organic Farms and Parks on Acreage … We Have No Choice but to Vote Republican … The Truth from Talk Host Mark Levin … Defending Private Property Rights Every Day – Coast to Coast, 3P-6P, Pacific … CLICK for Free Archives.

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